For more information write to firstname.lastname@example.org
Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga, Spain, to a father, a teacher in the local art school, who started him early in the artistic apprenticeship. At just fourteen he was admitted to the Academy of Fine Arts in Barcelona. Two years later he moved to the Madrid Academy. After returning to Barcelona, he made his first trip to Paris in 1900. He returned several times, until he finally settled there.
From 1901 Picasso's style began to show original traits. The so-called "blue period" began and lasted until 1904. The name of this period derives from the fact that Picasso used to paint in a monochromatic manner, predominantly using blue in all possible shades and shades. The subjects were mainly poor and marginalized. Picasso preferably portrayed them full-length, in isolated positions and with a sad and sad expression. The resulting images were full of sadness, accentuated by the cold tones (blue, blue, grey) with which the paintings were made. From 1905 to the end of 1906, Pablo Picasso lightened his palette, using shades of pink that are warmer than blue. What is, in fact, called the "pink period" began. In addition to changing the color in the paintings of this period, the subjects also changed. The characters depicted are characters taken from the circus, acrobats and masks from the commedia dell'arte, such as Harlequin. The cubist turning point occurred between 1906 and 1907. In those years there was the great retrospective on the painting of Paul Cèzanne, who had recently passed away, which had a great influence on Picasso. And, in the same period, like many other artists of the time, Picasso also became interested in African sculpture, on the basis of his rediscovery of that primitive exotic that had influenced much European artistic culture from Paul Gauguin onwards. From these meetings, and from the desire for continuous experimentation that has always characterized the painter's nature, the painting "Les demoiselles de Avignon" was born in 1907, which marked the start of Picasso's cubist season. In those years he was linked by an intense artistic partnership with George Braque. The two artists worked closely together, producing works that are often indistinguishable from each other. In this period the definitive consecration of the artist took place who reached levels of notoriety never achieved by any other painter in this century.
The Cubist phase was a period of great experimentation, in which Pablo Picasso called into question the very concept of artistic representation. The transition from analytical cubism to synthetic cubism represented a fundamental moment in his artistic evolution. The painter appeared increasingly interested in the simplification of form, to arrive at the pure sign that contained within itself the structure of the thing and its conceptual recognisability. Picasso's Cubist phase lasted about ten years. In 1917, also following his trip to Italy, there was a total reversal in his style. He abandoned experimentation to move on to more traditional painting. The figures became solid and almost monumental. His return to figurativity anticipated by a few years a similar phenomenon which, from the mid-1920s onwards, spread throughout Europe, marking the end of the Historical Avant-garde.
But Picasso's vitality did not stop. His capacity for continuous experimentation led him to approach the languages of expressionism and surrealism, especially in sculpture, which saw him particularly busy in this period. In 1937 he participated in the World Exhibition in Paris, exhibiting the painting “Guernica” in the Spanish Pavilion which probably remains his most famous work and one of the most symbolic of the entire twentieth century. In the years immediately following the Second World War he dedicated himself with commitment to ceramics, while his pictorial work was characterized by "d'après" works: that is, reinterpretations, in a completely personal key, of famous paintings of the past such as "Les meninas" by Velazquez, “Luncheon on the Grass” by Manet or “The Ladies on the Bank of the Seine” by Courbet.
Picasso died in 1973 at the age of ninety-two.