Savinio Alberto

Savinio Alberto

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Alberto Savinio (Athens, 1891 – Rome, 1952), pseudonym of Andrea Francesco Alberto de Chirico, is an Italian painter and writer, brother of Giorgio de Chirico and like him one of the founders of Metaphysical art. In 1910 he moved to Paris, where he met the poet Guillaume Apollinaire and came into contact with the lively climate of the avant-garde together with his brother, before enlisting in 1915 and being seconded to Ferrara. The meeting with Filippo de Pisis and Carlo Carrà was decisive for the birth of Metaphysics when, on the occasion of his move to Rome in 1919, he joined the "Valori Plastici" group and became one of the major theorists of the "return to order" : this last current was created as a reaction to the First World War by re-proposing the values of classicism and the figure, in open contrast with the experimentalism of the Avant-garde, as well as rediscovering the charm of the figure and traditional composition in illustrating classical repertoires and iconography inside the canvases. Savinio began painting late: his first famous works (L'ile des charmes, 1928; Atlas, 1927, Annunciation, 1932) are imbued with refined mythological themes combined with a subtle irony, in an interesting middle ground between surrealism and metaphysics and his work was cited as early as 1925 by Anton Giulio Bragaglia. If his brother Giorgio De Chirico focuses his poetics on melancholy, Savinio makes his themes (among the most recurrent, the man-animal metamorphosis) a cultured research full of literary and musical symbolism, fields in which the artist tries several times. In 1940 he exhibited at the Il Milione gallery in Milan and in 1943 the Galleria dello Zodiaco in Rome dedicated a solo show of drawings to him. In 1951 he was invited to the Artisti d'Italia exhibition organized at Palazzo Reale in Milan, a year before his sudden death. In 1954 the Venice Biennale dedicated a retrospective to him. His works are preserved at the GAM in Turin, the MART in Trento and Rovereto, as well as at the Fine Arts Museum in Boston and the National Art Gallery in Washington.

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