Paolo Levi is an art critic, journalist, essayist, curator of Italian and international events.

After the “Bucoliche” chapter, we have now moved on to the GEORGICHE project. 

The intent is to analyze and perform a similar work on the feelings present within the "Georgics". 

Composed of 4 books, they have a very strong communicative power; we have, as it were, extracted and extrapolated a predominant Sentiment that we would like to investigate, namely the NOSTALGIA

Publio Virgilio Marone wrote the Georgics between 37 and 30, immediately after the Bucolics;

Virgil entered into direct contact with the emperor Augustus, a man sensitive to philosophical and literary culture, and had the opportunity to come into contact with various intellectuals in the capital, Rome. To Maecenas, a close collaborator of Augustus, Virgil dedicated the Georgics, a poem in four books, permeated with refined Greek and Latin culture. The interest of Augustus was to favor the return to the land and the rebirth of agriculture, prostrated by the long years of civil wars. This type of thought was certainly taken into consideration by Virgil, above all because the subject was in keeping with the sensitivity and inclination of the poet himself.

The four books of the Georgics are divided as follows:


Dedicated to rural work. It opens with the beginning of spring, so a breath of rebirth to life. The protective deities of agriculture are invoked, and Virgil gives advice to the humble people of the fields on how to better cultivate the fields.



The fundamental theme of this book consists in the treatment of the different species of trees, and in particular of the cultivation of the two Italic plants par excellence, the vine and the olive tree. Here Virgil sublimates rural life in a religious vision and shows us what it looks like soothing of nature, benevolent mother and source of peace e Welfare.



Nor does Virgil care less than trees for livestock, whose life is described in the third book with immense tenderness and emotion.

The life of animals is marked by the alternation of good with evil: reproduction and breeding, the furious struggles of the males for the possession of the females, and finally the impending death, wreaking havoc with epidemics. Ineluctability therefore of the force of Venus, which enslaves animals and unable to dominate themselves, and at the same time violence of illness and death.



It is dedicated to the cultivation of bees. Virgil describes the life of bees, work, the devotion to the queen, the care for the conservation of the species, their organization is so perfect that one truly believes that there is some divine spark in them.

Virgil's poetic inspiration drew above all from his personal experience of the Po countryside and of the whole Italian peninsula and from a very strong stylistic tension. In this sense, the Georgics are considered the most highly inspired and stylistically elaborate poem that has come to us from ancient Rome.

Virgil's position on human work is significant, which he exalts as a profoundly moral act, as something noble within everyone's lives.



In the FIRST BOOK, when Virgil explains to sharecroppers how to use agricultural tools such as the plow, the rake and other tools, describing them with technical precision, one immediately perceives a sense of POWER physical, necessary to use them and the serious effort that labor costs to man in the fields.

In the SECOND BOOK Virgil talks about the reproduction of plants and its various ways with technical expertise. He describes the different qualities of the soil and explains the seasons in which it is more appropriate to plant certain trees. This didactic tone strongly recalls the sentiment of KNOWLEDGE.


Virgilio, speaking of the rearing of calves and foals, affirms the futility of caring for them, if the breeder does not put passion and LOVE.


Speaking of beekeeping, Virgil is impressed by the perfect organization of the hive and devotion e FIDELITY' towards the queen bee.


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