Guttuso Renato

Guttuso Renato

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Born in Bagheria in 1911. Painter and politician, he began to date and sign his paintings at the age of thirteen. Travel to Milan and Europe. Sicilian motifs assert themselves in his expressionism: lemon groves, Saracen olive trees, Palinuro. As a teenager he frequented the studio of the futurist Pippo Rizzo and the Sicilian artistic circles. He moved to Palermo for high school and university. Travel to Milan and Europe. In his expressionism Sicilian motifs: lemon groves, Saracen olive trees, Palinuro. His works, sent to the I Quadrennial in Rome, come together in a group show of six Sicilian painters. In Palermo he opens a studio in Corso Pisani and forms the Group of Four with the painter Lia Pasqualino and the sculptors Giovanni Barbera and Nino Franchina. Rejected from any academic canon, he became part of the artistic and anti-fascist movement Current. His moral and political commitment and his social art developed, with paintings such as Shooting in the countryside, dedicated to Garcia Lorca. He moved to Rome where, due to the exuberance of life, his friend Mazzacurati jokingly nicknamed him Unrestrained Guttuso; he frequents the Roman artistic environment with an 'anti-novecentist' tendency: Alberto Ziveri, Antonietta Raphael and Mario Mafai, Marino Mazzacurati, Pericle Fazzini, Corrado Cagli, Toti Scialoja, and also keeps in touch with the Milanese group of Treccani, Giacomo Manzù, Aligi Sassu . He makes friends with Antonello Trombadori, a young art critic, son of the painter Francesco Trombadori, and begins an intellectual and political partnership that will accompany him throughout his life. The painting that gives him fame is the Crucifixion, a work received with controversy by the clergy and the fasces due to the denunciation of the horrors of war, underlying the sacred subject. A collection of drawings entitled Massacri portrays the Nazi repressions, such as the one dedicated to the Fosse Ardeatine. In the aftermath of the Liberation, he paints Break from work, ink and watercolor, symbol of the rebirth of which Pasolini will also write. The pictorial language becomes clear and essential. Realize Occupation of the uncultivated lands of Sicily, exhibited at the Venice Biennale in 1950. Guttuso dedicates his art to the farmers "whose faces - he writes - constantly come before my eyes whatever I do, Sicilian peasants who are so much a part of the history of Italy". He alternates bright paintings of Bagheria with portraits of peasant struggles, sulfur miners, landscapes of cactus and prickly pears, with portraits of men of culture. He realizes Guttuso's Dante (colored drawings), whose characters from Hell are revisited as examples of the history of mankind, and a cycle of autobiography, exceptional for getting to know Guttuso as a man-artist. The woman, important in his private life, also becomes the protagonist in painting. Marta Marzotto is his inspiring muse and favorite model, as well as the recipient of the famous Postcards. Draw the banner of the Palio of Siena ('71). In 1972 he painted the funeral of Togliatti, a manifesto-work of anti-fascist painting. In 1976 and 1979 he was elected to the Senate for the PCI. He dies in isolation, according to Giulio Andreotti approaching the Christian faith of which he had shared the values of piety for the oppressed, testimony however opposed by close friends. Upon death he donates many works to his hometown. The adopted son, Fabio Carapezza Guttuso founds the Guttuso Archives. The tomb is the work of the sculptor Giacomo Manzù.

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