Lichtenstein Roy

Lichtenstein Roy

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Roy Lichtenstein was born in Pittsburg (United States) in 1923; comes from a wealthy middle-class New York family. It is during adolescence, in his free time, that he begins to take an interest in art and design. In 1939, at the end of the last year of high school, the young man enrolled in the summer courses of the Art Students League of New York. During school, Lichtenstein became very passionate about jazz music. In 1942, he enrolled in the courses of Professor HL Sherman, " Drawing through the gaze », In which the students, sitting in the dark, have to draw objects installed in the middle of the room, illuminated by the flash of a camera for a single moment; Sherman's theories on "well-ordered perception“, Which privilege the visual experience, will be fundamental in Lichtenstein's work. In 1947, Lichtenstein successfully finished secondary education and left New York; he enrolled at the University of Ohio from which he graduated in Fine Arts in 1949. During this period he makes portraits and still lifes, he captures the influence of Picasso e Braque ; he also follows a sculpture course. He interrupted his studies during the Second World War and worked in the US Army from 1943 to 1946. He keeps a sketchbook, draws landscapes and makes portraits of soldiers. After the war he resumed his studies in Ohio and graduated; Lichtenstein is hired as a professor. His first exhibition took place in Canada in 1951. He moved to Cleveland in 1951, where he lived for six years, with frequent visits to New York. Between two periods of artistic production he exercises different professions. In this period his work oscillates between cubism and expressionism. In early 1952, Lichtenstein joins the John Heller gallery in New York and exhibits ironic and post-Cubist interpretations of famous 19th-century American genre paintings; it is the pre pop-art period. In 1957, he went to live in New York. Roy Lichtenstein began teaching at New York State University in 1958 (in Oswego, upstate New York State). In 1960, he began teaching at Rutgers University, where he was greatly influenced by Allan Kaprow, who was also a teacher at the same university. During his first year at Rutgers, Lichtenstein's work is abstract. It is in this context that in 1961 he made his first pop works, taking pictures of comics with techniques drawn from advertising posters. In 1961, Leo Castelli will begin exhibiting his works in his New York gallery; and his first solo show takes place here in 1962. In this same year, Lichtenstein's pop works are featured in six major American exhibitions. Become one of the most significant artists of the movement of Pop-Art American.
His work is strongly inspired by advertising and comics (comics), the popular imagination of the time. Lichtenstein uses a plot system and draws inspiration from stereotypes of hygiene or food. The artist loves the plate and gives in to the advertising convention. At the beginning of the 90s with his family he made arrangements to create a private foundation that would facilitate public access to his art and that of his time. Struck by pneumonia, Lichtenstein died in 1997 in Manhattan (New York).

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The works of Lichtenstein Roy

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